Double taxation is a tax principle that refers to income taxes paid twice on the same source of income. It can occur when income is taxed at both the corporate and personal levels. Double taxation also occurs in international trade or investment when the same income is taxed in two different countries. While death and taxes may be safe, taxes are the only ones that can happen twice.
If you're a business owner, the last thing you want is to be taxed on your income more than once. Double taxation occurs when a corporation pays taxes on its profits and then its shareholders pay personal taxes on the dividends or capital gains received from the corporation. If you have questions about how to plan your taxes to avoid double taxation, consider talking to a financial advisor. Double taxation can also be legal, meaning that two countries would consider a single person to be a tax resident.
Therefore, income taxes are imposed by one country, after another country has already taxed the same income. However, many countries have signed treaties to prevent this form of double taxation on foreign companies. International conventions aim to determine which country the individual should pay and to create mechanisms for the elimination of double taxation. The United States tax code establishes double taxation on corporate income, with a corporate-level tax through corporate income tax and a second tax at the individual level through individual income tax on dividends and capital gains.
We do not consider the taxation of those business revenues to be a double taxation of the customer's income simply because the customer has paid taxes on their salaries. Transfers like these are generally exempt from additional taxes, so as not to tax the same income twice. Companies and individuals who reside in one country but earn income in other countries could also face double taxation if more than one country taxes their income. Second, it is considered necessary to collect individual taxes on dividends to prevent wealthy shareholders from paying income taxes on their profits.
Double taxation occurs when taxes are paid twice for the same dollar of income, regardless of whether it is corporate or individual income. Double taxation occurs when dividends paid to shareholders are taxed at individual shareholder rates after they have already been taxed at the corporate level. In addition, wealth tax creates a double tax on a person's income and the transfer of that income to the heirs in the event of death. Credits for foreign taxes, land taxes and tax treaties can minimize the likelihood of double taxation of foreign income.
With respect to double income taxation, when you file taxes in several states, you generally won't be double taxed on your state residence return on income earned in a non-resident state. For example, when capital gains come from holding shares, they represent a second layer of taxation, since corporate profits are already subject to corporate income taxes. A mix of state tax rules is causing confusion, enormous problems, and higher tax bills for many taxpayers who worked remotely last year in a different state than their employer. Therefore, technically, while money is taxed twice, it is only taxed when it is earned by a new person or entity.